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OpenCV 4.5 simple optical flow GPU tutorial cuda::FarnebackOpticalFlow

This OpenCV tutorial is a very simple code example of GPU Cuda optical flow in OpenCV written in c++. The configuration of the project, code, and explanation are included for farneback Optical Flow method. Farneback algorithm is a dense method that is used to process all the pixels in the given image. The dense methods are slower but more accurate as all the pixels of the image are processed. In the following example, I am displaying just a few pixes based on a grid. I am not displaying all the pixes. In the opposite to dense method the sparse method like Lucas Kanade using just a selected subset of pixels. They are faster. Both methods have specific applications. Lucas-Kanade is widely used in tracking. The farneback can be used for the analysis of more complex movement in image scene and furder segmentation based on these changes. As dense methods are slightly slower, the GPU and Cuda implementation can lead to great performance improvements to calculate optical flow for all pixels o

Opencv Tutorial VideoWriter: Cut video in Real time

Opencv Tutorial video writer (VideoWriter)

Opencv video writer tutorial for simple video recording into the file.

Tutorial VideoWriter Cut video in Real time


In this tutorial, I would like to show you how to use the video writer in opencv. This is little bit boring task, but there is some insights to be highlighted for successful use. 

Let me introduce my Setup

Openv Visual Studio 2015

I am working with Visual Studio 2015 and Opencv 3. How to install opencv and build your own program you can find here. Install Opencv Visual Studio 2015
Opencv 3 prebuild lib is shipped with VC11 and VC12 libs. This libs are built for Visual Studio 2012 and 13. You can use them if you have older version of Visual Studio and include the project. If you can use Visual Studio 2015 with this libs may be there is some problem with compatibility. This issue could be solved by redistribution windows pack with older dll.
 I definitely prefer build your Opencv libs for appropriate Visual Studio Version by Cmake. It is easy straightforward process which assumes only basic knowledge of opencv dependency, Cmake and Visual Studio basics.

Buil your own Opencv 3 for Visual Studio 2015 !! 

This process takes about one hour of your time, but save a lot of time of possible future troubles. Believe me I went through it. 

Opencv 3 Video editing and writer

I would like add something strange and little bit different in this tutorial. Let me show you code that is simple and contain 

Real time video cutting 

This code show you how to use Opencv as simple real-time video editing tool. The program opens video source as file, rtsp stream or web camera. 


Only small recapitulation

Select your VideoCapture source. 

  • This source let you access your web camera 
VideoCapture capture(0);
  • This source let you access rtsp stream if you have installed FFMPEG
VideoCapture capture("rtsp://USER:PASS@xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx/axis-media/media.amp?camera=2");
  • This video capture format let you access file in project directory
VideoCapture capture("input.mp4");


Video editing cutting on the fly

Back to the example. Just choose your video source depends on you. 
This program let you catch some keyboard events and record video frames only if this events occurred. In other words, The program write frames between two keyboard inputs into external video file. 
You can watch the long video and cut only interesting parts on the fly or press button if something happened on the RTSP security camera stream. 

Opencv Video cut, record code example





This program works on windows using GetKeyState. Let me use same sizes input and format for simplicity. In some future tutorial, I will show more about this broad topic. 

Record video if left Shitf key changes state

#include <Windows.h>
#include <fstream>
#include <iostream>
#include "opencv2\highgui.hpp"
#include "opencv2\imgproc.hpp"
#include "opencv2/imgcodecs/imgcodecs.hpp"
#include "opencv2/videoio/videoio.hpp"

using namespace cv;
using namespace std;

int main(int argcconst char** argv)
{
   Mat LoadedImage;
        // Video capture from file  opt.MOV in project directory
   VideoCapture cap("opt.MOV");
        // This is one of the most important thing
        // Sizes
        //Your VideoWriter Size must correspond with input video.
         // Size of your output video 
   Size SizeOfFrame = cv::Size800600);
         // On windows write video into Result.wmv with codec W M V 2 at 30 FPS 
         // and use your predefined Size for siplicity 
   VideoWriter video("Result.wmv"CV_FOURCC('W''M''V''2'), 30,
 SizeOfFrame, true);
   for (;;)
        {
        bool Is = cap.grab();
        if (Is == false) {
            cout << "cannot grab video frame" << endl;
        }
         else {
              // Receive video from your source 
              cap.retrieve(LoadedImage, CV_CAP_OPENNI_BGR_IMAGE);
                        // Resize your video to your VideoWriter size
                        // Again sizes must correspond 
             resize(LoadedImage, LoadedImage, Size(800600));
                       // Preview video all frames
             namedWindow("Video", WINDOW_AUTOSIZE);
             imshow("Video", LoadedImage);
             waitKey(10);
          // check of left shift key change its state 
          // if Left Shift is pressed write video to file
             if (GetKeyState(VK_LSHIFT) == true )
                 {
                 cout << "Saving video" << endl;
                                 // Save video into file if  GetKeyState(VK_LSHIFT)  state changes
                 video.write(LoadedImage);
                 waitKey(10);
                 }else { 
                 // else nothing to write  only show preview
                  cout << "Only Frame preview" << endl;
                }
         }
    }
}







Comments

  1. Really helpful post, thanks for sharing

    ReplyDelete
  2. Yes, It is easy, basic video capture. One and only important Advice is that source have to match video writer frame size. Second is opencv 3.0.0 on windows and included
    #include "opencv2/imgcodecs/imgcodecs.hpp"
    #include "opencv2/videoio/videoio.hpp"
    works well with wmv format. I have not tried install with and without FFMPEG yet.
    I am glad that is helpful. Thx

    ReplyDelete
  3. Hi,

    I am working with Opencv 3.0.0 and C++
    I want to record the video using camera. I worked well for opencv2.4.10 but doesnt work with opencv3.0.0
    The program runs without any error but no video file is saved.
    please refer to the code in the post:
    http://stackoverflow.com/questions/41304795/videowriter-function-for-opencv-3-0-0

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. There is difference in systems on windows from the codec use wmv. I do not have any problem. Also important is if the file is created without any content. Probably size of video frame (mat) rows cols entered to video writer doesn't match size in video writer definition. Simple try resize before writing to same size as defined in video writer. More sad thinks is sound support in opencv ;). Thanks for sharing

      Delete
  4. How the mat object write to rtmp stream?

    ReplyDelete
  5. Great post. Keep it up. Thanks for advice. It is wonderful information for me ,gclub

    ReplyDelete
  6. Apple Clips is a video editing app that lets users create and share short videos complete with special effects, text, and graphics.
    One of the more interesting features of Clips is Live Titles, which let you create animated captions by talking as you record.
    On Facebook, users play up to 85 percent of videos without sound, making this one of the more valuable video social media tools for boosting engagement rates.

    ReplyDelete
  7. Apple Clips is a video editing app that lets users create and share short videos complete with special effects, text, and graphics.
    One of the more interesting features of Clips is Live Titles, which let you create animated captions by talking as you record.
    On Facebook, users play up to 85 percent of videos without sound, making this one of the more valuable video social media tools for boosting engagement rates.

    ReplyDelete
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    .
    บริษัทรถเช่า
    รถเช่าสุวรรณภูมิ
    รถเช่าระหว่างซ่อม
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